Fundamental Things to know

Parrot behavior is easier to understand when you consider that parrots are flock animals, preyed   upon in the wild and often sleep deprived in human households.

FLOCK ANIMALS:

- Flock animals live their lives in a group and some in mated pairs within a group.    The group survival depends on every member looking out for the group.  This   means that parrots will often let their human flock know when something is not   right in the household. (i.e. fire, intruder, hawk outside, doorbell, etc.)   

- Flock animals keep in contact with each other verbally. Your parrot may greet   you when you leave.  Tell them you are leaving and when you will be back.    Greet them right away when you return.  - Flock animals are VERY SOCIAL.  They will want to be around the human   flock when you are home.  Socialize your parrot by introducing them to new   people, places and things.  Change should be a routine part of their lives. 

 - Introduce new people to your parrot slowly.  Parrots may not accept handling   from people they do not know or like.  A parrot usually needs time to assess   whether or not a stranger is OK or not. (Unknown things in the wild can kill   them, so instinct tells them to be wary, until they determine that they are safe).    Learn their body language and you will know when your parrot is comfortable   with a person or situation.

PREY ANIMALS:

Animals that are preyed upon are aware of what is going on in their environment.  A distracted   parrot in the wild might become “dinner” for a hawk or eagle.  Parrots in the home environment   might see a dog, cat, snake, or even a small child as a predator.  Small children often move fast and “swoop down “ on a parrot like a predator.  Parrots often   respond by biting.  Help children to calm down before approaching a parrot. Small children   should be supervised around a parrot.

SLEEP DEPRIVED:

Parrots living in human households often do not get enough sleep.  

They need to have 10 to 12   hours of sleep in a darkened, quiet room.  Parrots in the wild must stay wary of predators, even at night.  If your parrot is trying to sleep in a bedroom, every time you move your parrot will stir.  

A TV room or any other room that has   human activity will also keep your parrot from getting a good night’s sleep.  Try using a bird room or separate “sleep cage” in a quite room.  

Quality sleep can sometimes solve behavioral problems.

BOREDOM:

Another important issue with companion parrots is that bored birds “create their own   entertainment”, like screaming, chewing the wood table or their feathers among other equally   unacceptable activities.  Give your bird activities to do, including:

  • A variety of toys to play with.
  • Several play areas (inside the cage, on a “T” stand in one room and on a play   gym in another room, for example).
  • Time to play with you or just be in the same room with you.
  • A wide variety of food items (pellets, seed, vegetables, fruits). Try hiding food   inside things like boxes or paper towels or hanging food through bars.
  • Teach your parrot tricks.
  • Take your parrot on a car trip to visit family.